What is a Sump Pump?
A sump pump is a device that moves water away from the basement and into the outside world. A sump is constructed as a pit, or a hole carved typically somewhere on a basement’s main surface. The pit, otherwise known as a basin, is where the sump pump is placed.
Water triggers the sump pump’s valves when the water level or pressure is too high. When this happens, the sump pump removes the excess water through a discharge line and safely out of the basement. In short, a sump pump is a homeowner’s best line of defense against a flooded home and basement.
How Do Sump Pumps Work?
Sump pumps can detect rising and high-pressure water levels and will work to stop them from rising too high. Once a high water level is detected, a switch is activated, and the pump comes to life and works to guide the extra water into a discharge pipe. The water flows through the line and is released outside the home, typically away from the home’s foundation.
These pumps are usually powered by electricity but can also be powered by battery and water. The ones wired in electrically often come with a backup plan, either battery or water, in the case of a power outage. Sump pumps are necessary to keep basements clean and free from flooding and sewage backup.
Different Sump Pump Types
There are four main types of sump pumps available on the market: pedestal, submersible, battery-operated, and water-powered.
Submersible Sump Pump
The submersible sump pump is exactly as the name implies: a sump pump that is submerged in the water basin. These sump pumps come in one unit containing both the pump and motor and are safe to be submerged fully in water.
Typically, they are submerged and placed inside a closed basin in a home's basement. These submersible units are quiet and are a great way to save space. Unfortunately, these pumps are not known to last as long as pedestal pumps, but they are the best choice for homes with major flooding concerns.
Pedestal Sump Pumps
While submersible sump pumps come as one unit with the motor and pump as one, a pedestal sump pump comes with these two separated. The motor is on a pedestal that sits above the basin, and the pump is placed into the basin. A hose connects the two, allowing the motor to give the pump power to run.
Pedestal sump pumps are known to last longer and are easily accessible for maintenance. However, this type of sump pump is not without faults. Since a pedestal sump pump’s motor sits out, it is louder and takes up more space than a submersible one.
Battery-Operated and Water-Powered Backup
These two alternatives are a great addition to the submersible and pedestal sump pumps. They provide backup and extra security to prevent flood damage. A battery or water-powered backup pump will kick in when a power outage occurs, allowing the sump pump to continue working.
Sump Pump Benefits
As mentioned throughout this article, sump pumps are extremely beneficial in protecting against floods in homes and basements, which can help homeowners avoid a tedious cleanup session and water damage. Sump pumps help protect against structural damage and insect infestation from standing water.
Aside from flooding, a sump pump can also protect against sewage backup, keep the humidity level in the basement low, improve indoor air quality, and reduce the risk of mold and mildew growth.
About Gene’s Refrigeration, Heating & Air Conditioning, Plumbing & Electrical
With over 60 years of experience, Gene’s Refrigeration, Heating & Air Conditioning, Plumbing & Electrical is a family-owned and operated company serving the residents of Medina, OH, and the surrounding areas. They provide straightforward pricing, same-day service, and 24/7 emergency service. Call them today for sump pump services in Medina, OH.