What is a Sump Pump?
Sump pumps are found below the basement of homes, just below the surface. This carved hole is known as a basin. The basin is where the sump pump is located, and the pump is equipped with valves. These valves can sense rising water levels and pressure. As the water levels get too high, the sump pump removes the excess water from the basement to the outside through a discharge line.
How Does a Sump Pump Work?
Sump pumps work by detecting water levels that are elevating and getting too high, as well as pressure from the water. This ensures that these water and pressure levels do not climb too high before a switch in the basin activates and turns the pump on.
The sump pump then guides water through a discharge pipe and away from the home's foundation, protecting the home from flooding and other damages. Primarily, pumps are powered through wires electrically, but several sump pumps have a backup pump installed within them in case of power outages. These backup pumps are powered by a battery or water.
Types of Sump Pumps
There are two main types of sump pumps: submersible units and pedestal pumps. As the name suggests, a submersible sump pump is a sump pump that is designed to be submerged in water. On the other hand, a pedestal pump is placed inside the sump pit, but the motor is placed outside of it since it is not designed to be submerged.
Due to the stark differences between these two pumps, with one being submersible and the other not, it should be no surprise that the pedestal pump is louder than the submersible one since the motor for the pedestal pump is left out of the pit.
The submersible pump is more expensive than the pedestal pump and more difficult to repair because it is located deep within the pit. However, the submersible pump can effectively handle bigger bouts of water as well as solids and particles. Unlike the submersible one, the pedestal pump cannot handle solids or particles, making it less effective.
Still, when it comes to sump pump repair and sump pump installation, the pedestal pump is both easier to repair and easier to replace. Plus, the pedestal pump can usually last up to 5 times longer than the submersible pump and are much cheaper.
Sump Pump Benefits
Sump pumps provide a lot of benefits to homeowners. The primary benefit of having a sump pump is that it can reduce water and moisture-related problems and damage. This includes wood rot, insects that feed on wood, pests that are attracted to stagnant water, mold and mildew growth, and electrical problems that could result in fire hazards.
Those aren’t the only benefits, though. Sump pumps also provide prevention for flooding and prevent extensive water damage. It also protects against backups of sewage and structural damage to the home.
About Heidler, Inc.
Heidler, Inc. is a family-owned and operated company serving Annapolis, MD, and the surrounding areas since 1947. They provide flat-rate pricing, emergency assistance, and unparalleled customer service. Call them today for sump pump installation or repair in Annapolis, MD.